Volume 7 ~ Issue 4,~Version 1,~April - 2017
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 Chang, S.I; Jin, B; Youn, P; Park, C. and Ryu, D.Y. (2007): Arsenic induced toxicity and the protective role of ascorbic acid in mouse testis. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 218(2):196-203.
 Drill, V.A. (1952): Hepatotoxic agents: Mechanism of action and dietary relationships. Pharmacol. Rev.4:42.
 Elhalwagy, M.E.A; Darwish, N.S. and Zaher, E.M. (2008): Prophylactic effect of green tea polyphenols against liver and kidney injury induced by fenitrothion insecticide. Pestic. Biochem. Phys, 91:81-89.
 El-Zayadi, A.R (2006): Heavy smoking and liver. World. J. Gastroenterol. 12(38):6098-6101.
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 Swillens, A., Segers, P., Torp, H., &Løvstakken, L. (2010). Two-dimensional blood velocity estimation with ultrasound: speckle tracking versus crossed-beam vector Doppler based on flow simulations in a carotid bifurcation model. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on, 57(2), 327-339.
 Catalano, M., Lamberti-Castronuovo, A., Catalano, A., Filocamo, D., &Zimbalatti, C. (2011). Two-dimensional speckle-tracking strain imaging in the assessment of mechanical properties of carotid arteries: feasibility and comparison with conventional markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. European Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Imaging, jer078.
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Drains are being used in abdominal surgery since Hippocrates time therapeutically and prohpylactically aiming to reduce morbidity and early recovery of patients. But these drains are not without complications. The complications range from simple drain site infection to drain site hernia of bowel leading to strangulation and necrosis. We report a case of drain site hernia (DSH) in a 47 year-old women who presented with obstructed large incisional hernia through a previous laparotomy scar. During surgery for the incisional hernia an incarcerated DSH was identified at her right iliac fossa region. Both herniae were repaired successfully and patient's recovery was uneventful. We reviewed the literature regarding the drain site hernia and other complications of abdominal drains. The article describes types of drains, their complications and predisposing factors for those complications and the steps to be taken for the prevention.
Key words: Abdominal Drains, Hernia, Complications, Predisposing Factors, Prevention
 Memon MA, Memon MI, Donohue JH. Abdominal Drains: a Brief Historical Review. Ir Med J 2001; 94:164- 166.
 Dr. Rahul Gupta, Dr. Ashok Kumar Gupta, Dr Dev Kumar Kasliwal, et al. Is Abdominal Drain a Double Edged Sword? SharmaIndian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research; March 2014: Vol.-3, Issue- 2, P.661-664
 A. G. Radhika, and Gita Radhakrishnan. Fallopian Tube Herniation: An Unusual Complication of Surgical Drain Lipi Sharma, Alpana Singh, Sruthi Bhaskaran. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 2012, Article ID 194350,
 A. Loh and P.A. Jones. Evisceration and other Complications of Abdominal Drains Postgrad Med J (1991) 67, 687 – 688.
 Preetha Rani Kumarprasad. Drain Site Hernias - A Rare but Recognized Complication of Surgical Drainage. A Study of their Risk Factors, Management And Prevention. University Journal of Surgery and Surgical Specialties Volume 3 Issue 2 2017