Volume 8 ~ Issue 2,~Version 1,~February - 2018


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Child Health Care Practices among the Tribes of Visakhapatnam District

Country

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India

Authors

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Dr. N.Srinivas

Page No.

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01-09

Paper Index
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XXXX

Reproductive and child health (RCH) approach means a holistic and integrated approach of contraception issues, maternal health issues. RCH has been defined as "people have the ability to reduce and regulate their fertility, women are able to go through pregnancies and child delivery safely, the outcome of pregnancies is successful in terms of survival and wellbeing and couples are able to have sexual relationship free of fear of pregnancies and of contacting diseases (Basic guide to RCH programme, 2007). Reproductive health is defined by World Health Organization (WHO) as a state of physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system and is not merely the absence of disease or disorders associated with the reproductive process. The specific objectives of the RCH are reduction of maternal, peri-natal, infant and childhood mortality and morbidity:According to NFHS-3 (2005-06) institutional deliveries 17.7%, home deliveries 80%, Antenatal care 70.6% and 55% of Tribal women use contraception methods in tribal areas of the country.

 

Keywords: .............

[1]. Bang AT, Bang RA, Baitulae S, Deshmukh M, Reddy MH. (2001). Burden of morbidities and the unmet need for health care in rural neonates –a prospective observational study in Gadchiroli, India. Indian Pediatrics 38; 925-65.
[2]. Basic guide to Reproductive & child health Programme (2007). Dept of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India, 2007.
[3]. Basu SK, (1991). Genetic and socio cultural determinants of tribal health: Bastar tribal group of Madhya Pradesh. Cultural and Environmental dimensions on health (ed), Buddhadeb Choudhury, New Delhi. Inter-India publications.
[4]. Bindu,S. (2005). Social structure, child-rearing practices and behaviour pattern among the tribes of Kerala, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Anthropology, Pondicherry University, September.
[5]. Black R.E., Morris SS, Bryce J (2003). Child Survival I : where and why are 10 million children dying every year? Lancet, 361:2226-2234.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Analysis of phytochemical profile and genotoxicity of crude methanolic extracts of Quassia indica (Gaertn.) with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties

Country

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India

Authors

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Chithra Vijayan || P Preeja || K Murugan

Page No.

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10-17

Paper Index
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XXXX

The use of traditional medicine is expanding to newer horizons and plants still remain as the novel source of structurally important compounds that lead to the development of innovative drugs. It is believed that about 80% of world‟s population use plants as their primary source of medicinal agents. In this juncture, the present study was undertaken to analyze the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory potentiality and genotoxicity of the medicinal herb Quassia indica. An attempt has also been made in the present study for supplementing evidence from in-vitro studies with information on phytochemical profiling, and genotoxic nature to establish the safe range of extract consumption............

 

Keywords: Quassia indica, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, TLC, genotoxicity.

[1]. Fernando, E.S., Quinn, C.J., 1992. Pericarp anatomy and systematics of the simaroubaceae sensu lato. Aust. J. Bot. 40,263-289.
[2]. Muhammad, I., Bedir, E., Khan, S.I., Tekwani, B.L., Khan, I.A., Takamatsu, S., Pelletier, J., Walker, L.A., 2004. A newantimalarial quassinoid from Simaba orinocensis. J. Nat. Prod. 62,772-777.
[3]. Curcino Vieira, I.J., Braz-Filho, R., 2006. Quassinoids: structural diversity, biological activity and synthetic studies. Stud. Nat. Prod. Chem. 33,433-492.
[4]. Harborne, J.B: Phytochemical Methods. A guide to modern techniques ofplant analysis. 2nd. Ed. Chapman and Hall ltd., London, New York 1984.
[5]. Fransworth NR. Biological and Phytochemicals screening of plants. J Pharm Sci. 1996;55:225-227.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Endemic Use of Medicinal Plants for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in the Baloddistrict

Country

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India

Authors

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Dr. Deepak Kumar Gupta || Smt Ganga Gupta

Page No.

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18-24

Paper Index
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XXXX

The plant based traditional knowledge has become a recognized toll in search for new sources of drugs, wound healing properties and mentralceuticals.Central India is one of those regions in India where the tribal population and forest dwellers from a considerable part of the population. The common tribal communities of area are Kanwar (11.84%) Halba(4.76%),Bhatra(2.52%),Baiga(0.93%),Urao(1.89%),Bijhwar(1.72%),Bhariya(1.58%) and Agariya(0.74%). They are partially or completely dependent on forest product for their survival.Kanwar tribal societies, related to sterility, conception, abortion etc. and the use of abort-facients. Very little work has been done on the ethno-gynecological use of plants in the treatment and health care program of women as evidenced by the literature and references.Medicinal plants are plants containing inherent active ingredients used to cure disease or relieve pain.The main tribes of these districts are Kanwar, Halba, Bhatra,Baiga,Urao, respectively................

 

Keywords: Skin Diseases, Medicinal; Ethno-botany; Balod; Tribes

[1]. Agrawal, R.,Chouhan, D. (2014) "Indigenous Medicinal Herbs used by Tribal of C.G. for Skin diseases treatment."Indianj.sci.res.4 (1):108-110.
[2]. Anonymous (1970-1983) "Index Kewensis plant arum Phanerogamarum." vole 1-2 (1883-1855)& is supply (1886-1970), Clarendron press Oxford.
[3]. Balick, M.J. (1996) "Transforming ethno botany for the new millennium." Ann. M. Bot. Garden, 83: 58 66.
[4]. Buragohain, J.,Konwar, B. K.(2007)"Ethnomedicinal Plants used in Skin Diseases by some Indo-MongoloidCommunities of Assam." Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 21, No. 2,: 281-288
[5]. Chopra R. N., Chopra I. C., Verma V.C. (1969) "Supplement to the Glossary of Indian medicinal plants." CSIR, New Delhi.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Implementation of Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules Thereunder In Odessa: An Overview

Country

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India

Authors

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Kempaiah Suresh || Balamuralidhara V || S.B.Puranik

Page No.

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18-24

Paper Index
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XXXX

Odishahas been one of the Eastern State of India.Drugs Regulation in Indiais governed by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and it has been the focus of several recent policy reforms efforts in India, starting withMashelakar Committee Report in 2013 to most recent report of Ranjit Roy choudhary report in 2013.nevertheless the regulatory structure continues to be plagued with several structural challenges, including issues related to regulatory harmonisation between centre ant the states, transparency, which have been undermined the general effectiveness of the regulatory system.This study, evaluates the administrative structure and functions of drug regulatory authorities at state level...............

 

Keywords: Regulation, Odisha, Education, Health, Drug.

[1]. Odisha–Wikipedia.[Internet].[updated 23 July 17: cited 2017 December2]. Available from: org/wiki/Odishaa

[2]. [PDF] Odisha state profile The State of Odisha is located on…-[Internet]. [updated 23 July 17: cited 2017 December 2]. Available from: Ficci ficci.in/state/1009/project_docs/state-profile-odisha.pd

[3]. OdishaGovernment[Internet]. [updated 23 July 17: cited 2017 December4]. Available from: portal odisha.gov.in/

[4]. Drug Control Administration | Department of Health & Family Welfare…health[Internet]. [updated 23 July 17: cited 2017 December 4]. Available from: .odisha.gov.in/DCA_Who.aspGL=7 [5]. Drug Control Administration [Internet]. [updated 23 July 17: cited 2017 December7]. Available from: www.dcaodisha.nic.in/

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Review on Uro-Lithiasis Pathophysiology and Aesculapian Discussion

Country

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India

Authors

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Uthaya Chandirika Jayaraman || Annadurai Gurusamy

Page No.

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30-42

Paper Index
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XXXX

Nephroliths are a common trouble worldwide with substantial morbidities and economic costs. This review describes focusing on update about the Pathogenesis formation of renal stone epidemiology. The most common adventure factors or aesculapian conditions associated with formation of renal stone, the current methods available for metabolic probe, dietary recommendations and medical treatment. Over the past 10 years, major progress has been made in the pathogenesis of renal stone. The incidence of nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) is rising worldwide, particularly in adult female and with rising age. Preventing recurrence is predominately specific to the character of stone (e.g., calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, cystine, and struvite and uric acid stones); however, even when the stone cannot be retrieved, Managing diet, medication use, and food consumption can help prevent the organisation of kidney stones.

 

Keywords: Urolithiasis, Pathophysiology, Nucleation, Calcium oxalate, Treatments.

[1]. Abrams SA (2001), Calcium turnover and nutrition through the life cycle, Proc Nutr Soc 60: 283–289.
[2]. Ahmad-Reza Gohari, Soodabeh Saeidnia (2014) the role of herbal medicines in treatment of urinary tract diseases, J Nephropharmacol; 3(1): 13–14.
[3]. Alon, U., Zimmerman, H., Alon, M., (2004) "Evaluation and treatment of pediatric idiopathic urolithiasisrevisited," Pediatr Nephrol., Vol.19 (5), pp.516-20.
[4]. Anbazhagan M, Hariprasad C, Samudram P, et al. (1999) Effect of oral supplementation of vitamin E on urinary risk factors in patients with hyperoxaluria. J Glin Biochem Nutr; 27: 37-7.
[5]. Baggio B, Budakovic A, Priante G, et al (2002) Dietary fatty acid supplementation modulates the urinary excretion of calcium and oxalate in the rat Insight into calcium lithogenesis. Nephron; 91 (93): 486-1.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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The Study of Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties of Skin, Seeds and Leaves of The Sri Lankan Variety of Pumpkin

Country

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Sri Lanka

Authors

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D M R H Dissanayake || Srianthie A Deraniyagala || C M Hettiarachchi || G Thiripuranathar

Page No.

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43-48

Paper Index
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XXXX

Reactive oxygen species and free radicals are implicated in numerous disorders, diseases as well as in the aging process. Natural antioxidants in the form of raw extracts or chemical constituents are sort after in order to combat destructive processes due to oxidative stress. The antioxidant and antibacterial activity of acetone, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of skin, leaves and seed of the Sri Lankan variety of Cucurbita maxima was investigated. The ethyl acetate extracts of leaves gave the highest rate of change of reducing power with concentration (0.1625 ml/mg) in Fe3+ reducing power assay and the highest rate of change of radical scavenging activity with concentration (7.016 ml/mg) during DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay............

 

Keywords: Antioxidant capacity,Antibacterial activity, Bacillus subtilis, Cucurbita maxima, Staphylococcus aureus

[1]. S. Mala and A. Kurian, Nutritional composition and antioxidant activity of pumpkin waste, Int. J. Pharm. Chem. Biol. Sci., 6(3), 2016, 336–344.
[2]. G. M. Valenzuela et al., Evaluation Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity in Extracts of Cucurbita spp, Open Access Libr. J., 1(3), 2014, 1–6.
[3]. N. Saeed, M. R. Khan, and M. Shabbir, Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of whole plant extracts Torilis leptophylla L, BMC Complement. Altern. Med., 12(1), 2012, 1174.
[4]. R. Kapilan, Determination of antibacterial activity of some important spices, Int. J. Res. Granthaalayah, 3(10), 2015, 57–64.
[5]. A. M. B. Priyadarshani and U. G. Chandrika, The carotenoids of some selected Sri Lankan non-leafy vegetables, J. Natl. Sci. Found. Sri Lanka, 35(4), 2007, 251–253.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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The Prevalence of Developmental Coordination Disorder at Kattupakkam, Tamilnadu

Country

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India

Authors

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Dr.U.GanapathySankar

Page No.

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49-52

Paper Index
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XXXX

Objective: To find out the prevalence rate of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) at Kattupakkam among 5 – 10 years of agegroup. Method: door to door survey was conducted at kattupakkam. Eight hundred and ninety eight children(N=898) participated in the study. The DevelopmentalCoordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ) was used to identity DCD children at Kattupakkam. Results: Ftwenty nine children were identified as DCD and it revealed that the prevalence rate was 3.22%. There was no statistically significant difference in prevalence rate among genders. Conclusion: The study concluded that there is prevailing of Developmental Coordination Disorder amongthe age group of 5-10 years at Kattankulathur. The prevalence DCD suggests a need for awareness and education program for parents and teachers for early identification and intervention.

 

Keywords: Developmental Coordination Disorder, DCDQ, Prevalence

[1]. American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.

[2]. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

[3]. Bax M, Goldstein M, Rosenbaum P, et al. Proposed definition and classification of cerebral palsy, April 2005. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2005 Aug. 47(8):571-6. [Medline].

[4]. Piek JP, Edwards K. The identification of children with developmental coordination disorder by class and physical education teachers. Br J Educ Psychol. 1997 Mar. 67 ( Pt 1):55-67. [Medline].

[5]. Ferrari F, Gallo C, Pugliese M, et al. Preterm birth and developmental problems in the preschool age. Part I: minor motor problems. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Jun 19.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Optimization of The Expression of Recombinant Universal Infleunzavaccine Candidatein Escherichia Coli Using Response Surface Methodology

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Doni Setiawan || Muhammad Fadhlillah || Wulan Pertiwi || Idar || Shabarni Gaffar || Toto Subroto

Page No.

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53-60

Paper Index
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XXXX

Vaccination is considered as one of the effective biosecurity programs to prevent bird flu virus. Avian influenza virus mutations are able to induce HA (Hemaglutinin) and NA (Neuraminidase) variants. This can cause a pandemic that causes new viruses to make available vaccines not be effective. Recombinant protein M2e (2-16-k-25) has been successfully designed and expressed on E.coli ER2556 as a fusion protein (M2e (216) -K-P25 intein CBD) used as a vaccine candidate base on epitope M2e has potential as a universal influenza vaccine. The optimum determination of expressed fusion proteins is necessary for efficient variables that are important in the design of expression systems. This study aims to determine the optimum fusion protein expression variables...........

 

Keywords: Avian Influenza Vaccine, IPTG concentration, temperature and post-induction time, Box-Behnken.

[1]. WHO, Cumulative Number of Confirmed Human Cases of Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Reported to WHO, 16 March 2017, Availablehttp://www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/H5N1_cumulative_table_archives/en/. [20/03/2017].
[2]. Subbarao, K and Luke, C. 2007. H5N1 viruses and vaccines. PLoS Pathog. 3(3).e.40.
[3]. Palese, P. 2006. Making better influenza virus vaccines?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12(1).61-65.
[4]. De Filettea, M., Martensa, W., Smet, A., Schotsaert, M., Birkett, A., Londo˜no-Arcila, P., Fiers, W., and Saelens, X. 2008. Universal influenza A M2e-HBc vaccine protects against disease even in the presence of pre-existing anti-HBc antibodies, Vaccine. 26: 6503–6507.
[5]. Rudolph, W., and Ben-Yedidia, T. 2011. A universal influenza vaccine. Human Vaccines. 7(1): 1-2.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Physical and Biological Evaluation of Cordiarimide B Isomers as Multidrug Compounds

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Jeevan, B. V || Umashankara, M || Shankar. J || Kumara, M. N || Niranjan Raj, S.

Page No.

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60-67

Paper Index
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XXXX

Multidrug compounds are emerging as a new class of therapeutic agents with potent pharmacological activities in a broad spectrum of diseases. In this study, Physical stability, the plasma stability, cytotoxicity, superoxide anion radical scavenging activity and antimicrobial activity of four isomers (S)-3-amino-1-((R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)piperidine-2,6-dione(1),...........

 

Keywords: Physical stability, plasma stability, cytotoxicity, Superoxide anion radical scavenging activity, antimicrobial activity. Multidrug compounds

[1]. Mishra, B. B.; Tiwari, V.K. Natural products: An evolving role in future drug discovery. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2011, 46, 4769–4807.

[2]. Rey-Ladino, J.; Ross, A.G.; Cripps, A.W.; McManus, D.P.; Quinn, R. Natural products and the search for novel vaccine adjuvants. Vaccine 2011, 29, 6464–6471.

[3]. Cragg, G.M.; Newman, D.J. Biodiversity: A continuing source of novel drug leads. Pure Appl. Chem. 2005, 77, 7–24.

[4]. Haefner, B. Drugs from the deep: Marine natural products as drug candidates. Drug Discov. Today 2003, 8, 536–544.

[5]. Butler, M.S. The role of natural product in chemistry in drug discovery. J. Nat. Prod. 2004, 67, 2141–2153.

[6]. D. C. Rees, M. Congreve, C. W. Murray and R. Carr, Nat. Rev. Drug Discovery, 2004, 3, 660–672.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Investigation of Infections in Illegal Immigrants Brought To the Emergency Department of a Hospital

Country

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Turkey

Authors

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Erdal Tekin || Selma Sezen || Fatma Kesmez Can

Page No.

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68-70

Paper Index
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XXXX

The Objective Of Our Study Is To Determine The Prevalence Of The Asylum Seekers To Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Such As Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS And Syphilis, And By Identifying Health Problems Of The Asylum Seekers In Our Country Based On Infectious Diseases To Determine The Appropriate Approach Procedure.Between The Dates Of January 2016-September 2017, Identified As Fugitives By The Erzurum Police Forces, The 318 Asylum Seeker That Applied To Our Hospital's Emergency Clinic For The Purpose Of Examination Were Evaluated Retrospectively. The Serologic Reagents Related To Hepatitis Viruses(Hbsag, Anti HCV) And Anti HIV Antibodies..........

 

Keywords: Lmmigrations, Lnfections, Emergency, Asylum Seekers

[1]. Immigration Statistics Report, Turkish Red Crescent Directorate For Migration And Refugees Services, May 2017.
[2]. Zeyrek F.Y.Migratory Threats: Parasitic, Viral, Bacterial Threats, 31. ANKEM Congress Paper, 4 - 8 May 2016 Bodrum.
[3]. Aygün O, Gökdemir Ö, Bulut Ü,Yaprak S, And Güldal S. Assessment Of Primary Health Care Services Provided To Asylum Seekers And Asylum Seekers İn The Context Of A Community Health Center, TJFM&PC, 2016;10(1):6-12.DOI: 10.5455/Tjfmpc.199143.
[4]. The UNHCR Report.Frequently Asked Questions Of Syrian Refugees İn Turkey, January, 2017.
[5]. Eksi N. Refugees, Refugees, Immigrants.Compiled By Özkan S. "Refugees, Refugees, Conference On Migrants", Kocaeli University Faculty Of Law, 18 April 2007.
[6]. Demirbilek M, And Keskin E. Poverty, Syrians, Infectious Diseases And Social Work Turkish Migration 2016 Selected Reports-1 ISBN:978-1-910781-36-4, Pp 57-65.